I will introduce you to several common composition methods and techniques, and it is enough to learn these daily photos.
1. Composition of Jiugongge
To put it simply, divide the entire screen into three equal parts both horizontally and vertically. After the bisectors are crossed, four intersection points will be obtained. When photographing the composition, placing the subject on the intersection point can get a better composition. It is also more in line with human visual habits. These four points are the golden ratio points in photography.
We can see that placing the subject of photography on two intersections or one intersection has a very good visual effect. Whether it is a horizontal composition or a vertical composition, you can use the Jiugongge composition method. At present, many mobile phones have a composition guide line, which allows you to find the composition position easily. In addition, it should be noted that it is not necessary to place the center of the main body on the intersection point. A proper offset may have a better effect.
Jiugongge composition is very widely used. You can try it regardless of the subject matter. When you don’t know what composition to use, it is not too bad to use Jiugongge. In particular, when taking pictures for souvenirs during a trip, placing the characters at the intersection can make the position of the characters more natural, and can also express scenic spots.
2. Three-part composition
We always take landscape photos when we travel. Many people like to make the ratio of the sky and the scenery 1:1 when taking pictures. We can’t say that such a composition is wrong, but it’s too veneer and easy. This causes a blind spot in the viewing angle, which means that although there are many things in the photo, the viewer’s line of sight cannot be focused. At this time, the commonly used composition method is to divide into three equal parts, and the scenery and sky are composed according to the ratio of 1:2 or 2:1.
So should all the sky and landscape photos be composed in three equal parts, of course not. A good composition is to highlight the theme, and the composition serves the theme.
3. Visual extension cord
In fact, good photos also give people a sense of transparency. The transparency mentioned here is to give people a three-dimensional perspective. At this time, visual extension lines are needed to assist.
4. Frame composition
Does a plain photo with a wooden photo frame feel different? The same is true for photographic composition, using some elements in the picture to create a sense of frame, which can make the picture richer and better highlight the subject. You can use the near view as the frame to highlight the distant view, or use the distant view as the frame to set off the near view.
When using frame-based composition, pay attention to the focus position to avoid the subject being out of focus. When the frame and subject light are relatively large, learn to use the HDR function of the phone, and manually adjust the exposure value after focusing if necessary. Generally speaking, the extended line composition is similar to the framed composition. Both use the elements, lines and other elements in the photo to highlight the role of the subject and theme, and increase the three-dimensionality of the flat photo.
5. Diagonal composition
Compared with the traditional horizontal and vertical composition method, the oblique diagonal composition gives people a more lively feeling, and can also maximize the use of the width of the photo. In shooting themes, whether it is architecture or characters, you can use this composition method.
6. The problem of perspective
When most people take photos with their mobile phones, they lift the mobile phone to the same height as the line of sight and press the shutter. However, photos with regular angles are sometimes difficult to attract attention. At this time, we might as well raise the mobile phone or put it up. Low, shooting with an unconventional angle of view, you may get better results.
Many people have pets in their homes. When shooting pets, it is best to place the mobile phone at the same height as the pet’s face to shoot. This way a better angle can also make the animal’s expression more natural. Standing shooting will bring pressure to the animal. It’s impossible to capture the natural and relaxed side.
Backlighting leaves, blue sky, and a little sunshine are the favorite photo standards of literary youth. You need to hold your phone over your head to get these. In tourist resorts, low-angle or high-angle framing is also an effective way to avoid tourists.
7. Clean the background
Photography is a game of subtraction, and removing the unnecessary is the essence. When you don’t know how to compose the photograph and how to choose the elements, just leave the subject and remove the other elements as much as possible.
A clean background helps express the subject of photography, allowing the viewer’s vision to be more focused on the subject. Using the sky and the ground as the background can also play the role of concise picture highlighting the subject. Many mobile phones now have a background blur function, which can highlight the subject as much as possible even in a messy shooting environment.
to sum up:
Good composition can make the subject of the photo more prominent, and can also make the photo look better. In fact, there is no certain way to compose a picture. You can try a lot in the shooting and maybe be able to innovate.